15
Apr
06

Kleinian Quasifuchsian Limit Set

Here is a Sunset Moth “blown about” inside a Quasifuchsian limit set. Originally, Felix Klein described these fractals as “utterly unimaginable”, but today we can visualize these fractals with computers.

(* runtime: 12 seconds *)
ta = tb = 1.91 + 0.05I; tab = (ta tb + Sqrt[ta^2tb^2 - 4(ta^2 + tb^2)])/2; z0 = (tab - 2)tb/(tb tab - 2ta + 2I tab);
b = {{tb - 2I, tb}, {tb, tb + 2I}}/2; B = Inverse[b]; a = {{tab, (tab - 2)/z0}, {(tab + 2)z0, tab}}.B; A = Inverse[a];
Reflect[{{a_, b_}, {c_, d_}}, z_] := (b + a z)/(d + c z);
ReflectList[C_, zlist_] := Reflect[C, #] & /@zlist; Children[zlist_] := ReflectList[#, zlist] & /@ {a, b, A, B};
zlist = {0.23 + 0.03 I, 0.18 + 0.05 I, 0.62 + 0.45 I, 0.86 + 0.73 I, 0.91 + 0.89 I, 0.88 + 0.97 I, 0.75 + 0.98 I, 0.48 + 0.88 I, 0.25 + 0.85 I, 0.04 + 0.79 I, -0.02 + 0.67 I, -0.1 + 0.78 I, -0.14 + 0.77 I, -0.24 + 0.84 I, -0.24 + 0.77 I, -0.41 + 0.88 I, -0.39 + 0.77 I, -0.5 + 0.82 I, -0.48 + 0.74 I, -0.82 + I, -0.86 + 0.96 I, -0.68 + 0.79 I, -0.7 + 0.74 I, -0.89 + 0.81 I, -0.74 + 0.64 I, -0.77 + 0.6 I, -0.91 + 0.65 I, -0.8 + 0.51 I, -0.87 + 0.44 I, -0.71 + 0.32 I, -0.44 + 0.19 I, -0.07 + 0.08 I, -0.38 + 0.03 I};
zlists1 = zlists2 = {0.5 + 0.125Join[Reverse[Conjugate[zlist]], zlist]}; test[zlist1_, zlist2_] := Abs[zlist2[[1]] - zlist1[[1]]] < 0.05; While[zlists2 =!= {},zlists2 = Complement[Flatten[Children /@ zlists2, 1], zlists1, SameTest -> test]; zlists1 = Union[zlists2, zlists1, SameTest -> test]];
Show[Graphics[Line[{Re[#], Im[#]} & /@ #] & /@ zlists1], AspectRatio -> Automatic];

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